John Bolton says Trump and Putin will meet in Paris next month

Bolton has always been a critic of the treaty, citing Russian violations of the pact in the form of the development and deployment of a missile the Russians designate as the 9M729. "We need to figure out where the United States is moving on this issue", Ryabkov said.

US National Security Adviser John Bolton was in Moscow yesterday to a murmur of dampened outrage over President Trump's announcement to leave the 1987 arms control treaty. But he said Russian Federation was puzzled by the U.S. Bolton said both Putin and Trump have expressed interest in holding direct talks next month in Paris, on the sidelines of events commemorating the centenary of the armistice that ended World War I. Laughing, Putin asked if the eagle ate all the olives.

Trump announced on Saturday that Russian Federation violated the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Force (INF) Treaty and that the us should leave it.

Responding to U.S. President Donald Trump's decision this week to pull out of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, Putin said late on October 24 that the United States already abandoned the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in 2002, while it has been unwilling to discuss renewing another major nuclear treaty - the New START treaty - which governs strategic nuclear missile launchers and is due to expire in 2021. Certainly, when looked at along a 10-year trajectory, this development would appear to point instead toward less stability in US-Russian security relations, not more.

In 2011, Bolton argued in a Wall Street Journal opinion piece that the United States should either expand the treaty to cover China or "abrogate it entirely so that we can rebuild our own deterrent capabilities". "It is actually a declaration of an intention to get involved in an arms race and increase the potential of armaments", Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told a daily briefing. The INF Treaty and the JCPOA on Iran are just two out of multiple examples of such actions.

Mikhail Gorbachev, the former Soviet leader who signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with then-President Ronald Reagan, called the decision a "mistake" that did not originate from a great mind. The pact between Moscow and Washington bans an entire class of weapons - all land-based cruise and ballistic missiles with a range from 500-5,500 kilometers (310-3,410 miles).

"It is the American position that Russian Federation is in violation", Bolton said at Interfax, the same press agency where he discussed United States plans to withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missiles treaty in 2001. A 10-year period of on-site inspections followed to verify the compliance. They maintain also that it feeds into the perception of a US leader eager to tear up treaties that he believes hamstring America. But he added that the 29 nations in the world's biggest military alliance are assessing "the implications of the new Russian missile for our security". "We don't want a new arms race".

Russian Federation has the option of deploying intermediate-range missiles in its European exclave of Kaliningrad on the Baltic Sea, a move that would put a swath of Europe in range.

Trump's move has caused a mixed reaction among USA allies. "I don't foresee that allies will deploy more nuclear weapons in Europe as a response to the new Russian missile".

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation envoys are due to be briefed by a US arms control official on Thursday in Brussels.

"Withdrawing from the treaty will open the door to a new and unconstrained competition", said Lisbeth Gronlund, co-director of the Global Security Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists, an arms control group based in Washington. That's a huge loss to both countries but mostly to Russian Federation.

The so-called Coalition Support Funds were part of a broader suspension in aid to Pakistan announced by President Trump at the start of the year, when he accused Pakistan of rewarding past assistance with "nothing but lies and deceit".

  • Joey Payne